How Do Skateboard Trucks Work? Everything You Need to Know

Everyone knows all about what skateboard trucks are, but not about its fundamentals and the way they work! How do skateboard trucks work anyway? There are actually different types of skateboard trucks, based on its dimensions, material, sizes, and more!

I know that this can be a bit confusing at first, but it’s crucial to ensure that you understand what they do. This is to help you learn about your skateboard and how you can choose the right trucks for it. With that being said, read on as I show you all about how these skateboard trucks work.

How Do Skateboard Trucks Work?

Trucks are a small yet crucial part of your skateboard. With that being said, here’s a short guide on its materials and how they work!

Skateboard trucks are located underneath your board deck, tightened enough to provide stability as you skate. It’s actually a metal axle which holds two wheels each, so your board has two trucks. It holds the biggest weight part of whoever’s riding the skateboard.

When the truck’s under your deck, it helps you to perform flip tricks while adding momentum on the road. Basically, it’s one of the crucial parts that go around your board and keeps you balanced as you ride.

There are five different parts trucks are composed of, which are:

The Baseplate

The baseplate of a truck is its lowest part, located at the top of your skateboard deck, an important component. It’s what holds the board while helping it even out the pressure put on it. Furthermore, it holds the rest of the truck with the help of the kingpin, which is what holds the whole skateboard truck!

This part has four to six drilled holes for it to be mounted on its deck, depending on the truck design. That’s why before you get a skateboard truck, you have to ensure that its number of holes match your deck.

The Kingpin

The kingpin is the major bolt in the skateboard truck, hence the name KING-PIN. Just like any automotive or piece of equipment, bolts are a vital component that keeps things together.

To help reduce any metal damage or vibration the baseplate has a cushioning around it, which is called bushings. I’ll be getting into that in the next section, though the is just as important since it’s around the kingpin.

With the kingpin in skateboard trucks, it holds the hanger and baseplate together. Fortunately, if it gets broken, you can repurchase another kingpin that matches the truck’s dimensions. It’s also pretty easy to replace the kingpin yourself!

The Bushings

Like I mentioned earlier, the bushings are located around the kingpin. This part gives padding support to your truck and skateboard, dampening the vibration done when moving or doing tricks. For two pairs of trucks on a skateboard, there are four bushings.

You can choose between two toughness levels for bushings, depending on how you skateboard. There are harder ones best for expert or technical riders, or those who are heavier, though it gives less resistance. You can also choose softer ones, which are more responsive and best for those who focus on doing smoother tricks.

The Hanger

If you’re familiar with the T-shaped part made of aluminum, that’s the truck’s hanger! These have the wheels attached on both sides, with the kingpin located in it. It’s got the direct contact with the ground, so it is and has to be the strongest part of the entire skateboard truck.

While it’s extremely durable, it can wear off over time and fortunately, it’s replaceable. Just make sure that this part’s length matches your skateboard deck’s width!

Some hangers are very lightweight with a hollow build within it. Some are heavier and provide even more support. What you choose depends on your individual riding style!

The Risers

Just like the name suggests, risers increase or maintain your deck height, depending on what you prefer. With a higher deck, it has you jump higher and easier and with a lower deck, you can do flips better.

Furthermore, a few riders can help dampen any vibrations felt when urban riding (an optional feature). But do take note that when there are fewer vibrations, then there’s also the lesser feeling of actually riding your board. With that being said, choose your skateboard truck with the appropriate risers based on your riding style and feel preference.

Besides its parts, you have to understand two major factors of a skateboard truck to know what’s suitable for you:

Material Quality

There are different types of materials a skateboard truck’s made of. Both the material and construction makes or breaks the way your entire skateboard rides and responds to tricks.

Usually, skateboard trucks are made of a combination of steel and aluminum. But, some companies have different combinations and materials used, achieving various strengths and weights. Here are the typical materials you’ll find in skateboard trucks today:

  • Steel
  • Magnesium
  • Titanium
  • Aluminum

Besides the type of material, ensure that it’s of premium quality with excellent construction. You’ll want a truck that performs amazingly while lasting very long.

Height and Width

Like mentioned, skateboard trucks vary in height, referred to as low or high. This is referred to as the amount of room there is between your hanger and baseplate. Selecting the height depends on your riding style.

  • Low trucks are best for flip tricks, technical street skating, and/or small wheels
  • Regular trucks are best for mid-sized wheels and any type of skatepark or street riding
  • High trucks are best for large wheels and cruiser boards

As for its width, this depends on your deck’s size, so make sure these measurements match when selecting a truck.

Wrapping It Up

I hope this article answers your question, “how do skateboard trucks work?” Now that you’re familiar about it, begin learning more about your skateboard and invest in the best trucks for skateboard today!

If you have any questions or want to share your own knowledge on skateboard trucks, then comment below. Your thoughts are much appreciated.